Fiat is an Italian automobile manufacturer based in Turin, Italy. The company was founded in 1899 by a group of investors, including Giovanni Agnelli, and initially produced cars under the name Fabbrica Italiana Automobili Torino (FIAT).

In its early years, Fiat produced a range of small, affordable cars that were popular in Italy and other European countries. In the 1920s and 1930s, the company expanded its product line to include larger and more luxurious vehicles, such as the Tipo 8 and the 508.

During World War II, Fiat produced a range of military vehicles, including tanks and planes. After the war, the company returned to producing passenger cars and expanded its operations internationally. In the 1950s and 1960s, Fiat introduced a number of successful models, including the 500 and the 124.

In the 1970s and 1980s, Fiat faced financial difficulties and struggled to compete with other automakers. However, the company managed to bounce back in the 1990s and 2000s, introducing a number of popular models, including the Punto, the Bravo, and the Panda. Today, Fiat is a leading automaker in Europe and has a strong presence in other parts of the world as well.