Volkswagen (VW) is a German multinational automotive manufacturer founded in 1937. The company was initially established as the German state-owned Volkswagenwerk, or “The People’s Car Company,” with the goal of producing affordable vehicles that could be owned by the average German citizen.

VW’s first major project was the development of the “Volkswagen Beetle,” a small, inexpensive car that was designed by Ferdinand Porsche. The Beetle, also known as the Type 1, became one of the most popular and iconic cars in history, with over 21 million units produced.

In the 1950s and 1960s, VW expanded its range to include a number of other models, including the Type 3, a compact car, and the Type 4, a mid-sized sedan. The company also introduced the first generation of the VW Bus, a popular microbus, in 1950.

In the 1970s and 1980s, VW faced a number of challenges, including financial struggles and criticism over working conditions at its factories. However, it continued to develop and produce a wide range of vehicles, including the Golf, a popular compact car, and the Passat, a mid-sized sedan.

Today, VW is a leading global automotive manufacturer and is known for its wide range of vehicles, including sedans, hatchbacks, SUVs, and electric and hybrid models. The company is also a pioneer in the development of autonomous driving technology.